The importance of the korean war
Who was involved in the korean war
The UN wanted voluntary repatriation of prisoners; the North Koreans favored forced repatriation. However, between the two countries a 2 mile demilitarized zone was placed to act as a buffer in hopes to prevent future wars. By the end of the decade, two new states had formed on the peninsula. At first, the war was a defensive one—a war to get the communists out of South Korea—and it went badly for the Allies. As President Truman looked for a way to prevent war with the Chinese, MacArthur did all he could to provoke it. This was something that President Truman and his advisers decidedly did not want: They were sure that such a war would lead to Soviet aggression in Europe, the deployment of atomic weapons and millions of senseless deaths. Some of these people truly liked communism, but many other Ohioans were labeled unjustly. Historians said that between three million and four million people were killed, although firm figures have never been produced, particularly by the North Korean government.
Both Rhee and Kim wanted to unify the peninsula under their respective governments. While both sides launched numerous attacks against the other, neither side succeeded at dislodging its opponent.
Anxious to pursue the retreating North Koreans, MacArthur moved his troops across the 38th Parallel and ordered them to advance as far as the Chinese border. Neither dictator was content to remain on his side of the 38th parallel, however, and border skirmishes were common.
Also, it was one of the hottest and driest summers on record, and desperately thirsty American soldiers were often forced to drink water from rice paddies that had been fertilized with human waste.
Since there has been an uneasy coexistence between North and South Korea, which hosts over 20, American troops. She did, however, oppose General MacArthur's desire and that of his conservative allies to expand the war into China, and she supported Truman's decision to fire him.
The decision to cross the 38th Parallel turned out to be pivotal.
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