Organisations and behaviour
Features of organisational behaviour
Matrix structure shows the balance between the different organizational structures. There is no structure which is perfect for all the situations in the organisations and the structure depends on the goals of the organisation. Every organisational unit of Facebook has to report to many leaders so that the work of every team can be completed on time and with efficiency Stare, The environment The organisation and the people who work for them are part of a bigger external environment and this affects the organisation eg through advances in technology, changes in the law, political unrest, globalisation. Its principles are applied primarily in attempts to make businesses operate more effectively. These programs draw from the fields of anthropology, ethnography, and leadership studies, and use quantitative, qualitative, and computer models as methods to explore and test ideas. This theory also shows that there is a positive relationship between strong corporate culture and the profits of the organisation Ramachandran, et.
Some of the leadership styles that consider motivation differently are: Democratic Autocratic Laissez Faire Motivation: The success of the organisation depends upon the performance of the employees.
The organisation which is poorly structured cannot bring motivation in employees and ultimately performance from the employees. Organisational structures not only increase the capabilities of the organisations but it also utilises the processes and resources available which result in the increased performance of the organisation Wood, Every employee needs to be inspired so that he can perform effectively.
Organisational behaviour slideshare
Motivators: These are the factors that cause satisfaction to the employees. This theory can be applied by focusing on both the factors. Organisation needs to implement some of the changes in the policies so that it can achieve better results and gain better performances from the employees. Subba Rao, P. In this case, the employee will be temporarily assigned for the new project and at time, the employee has to report to two leaders at a time. This, in turn, has a direct impact on how individuals and teams perform activities to achieve organisational aims. Facebook is operating all over the world and has around thousands of employees working in the organization. Organisation culture of Facebook is open and very cooperative. Some of them have been discussed below: Herzberg two factor motivational theory: Maslow hierarchy needs theory Hawthorne effect Expectancy theory Herzberg Two Factor Theory:This theory involves two types of factors that affect motivation. Its main mission is to link maximum no. Those initial findings inspired a series of wide-ranging studies between and These programs draw from the fields of anthropology, ethnography, and leadership studies, and use quantitative, qualitative, and computer models as methods to explore and test ideas. This culture also motivates the employees in the organisation to perform their best for their organisation which is providing them with enough of independence and opportunities to prove themselves. Karthick, K. If the same culture s followed in the whole organisation then it makes easy for different teams to share their goals and objectives and they can adopt similar processes to achieve these goals.
It results in the effective performance of the company ultimately. Rewards can be given in terms of money, benefits or recognition.
Facebook adopts this structure to encourage a good flow of information within the organization and so that it can achieve higher growth rates by the improved performance of the employees Islam, et.
Researchers there set out to determine whether workers could be made to be more productive if their environment was upgraded with better lighting and other design improvements.
Organisational behaviour theories
Organisation culture, on the other hand, is the system of which represents the assumptions, values or beliefs of the people in the organisation which governs their behaviour at the workplace. Suddenly, she receives an email to say that she needs to get to the car park immediately as someone has hit her car. Aswathappa, K. This theory states that management should not only consider the factors that satisfy the employees but should also consider the factors whose absence may cause dissatisfaction in the minds of the employees. Managing the Culture: the key to effective change. Common culture in the organisation provides a sense of belongingness to the employees and they are able to share responsibilities of the organisation which provides success to the company Wood, Journals: De Cremer, D. Workers, they thought, were unique in terms of their psychology and potential fit within a company. Individual employees in groups exert an influence over each other and group pressure can have a significant impact on the behaviour and performance of individual employees. Quite often it is very difficult to predict what the employees will think and how they will react. Organizational behavior was not fully recognized by the American Psychological Association as a field of academic study until the s.
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