Literature review on obesity in adults

Obesity can be treated by restricting food intake and engaging in regular physical exercises. A BMI of Log out of ReadCube. To review empirical studies reporting primary care nursing practice in relation to obesity management for adults in the UK; to place these in the context of policy and professional developments.

Obesity facts

Obesity is a controllable behavioural disorder, with regular exercise and sensible eating being the best ways to regulate body fat percentage and maintain a healthy body weight. Despite practice developments in the UK the outcomes for patients remain unclear. The defining metabolic changes in obesity are decreased glucose tolerance, decreased sensitivity to insulin, hyperinsulinemia and reduced life expectancy. This literature review was therefore written in order to highlight the causes, effects and potential mitigation measures of the syndrome with particular interest on the status of the condition in Africa. It is important to follow a structured programme in supporting patients with weight loss within an holistic assessment of their needs. A literature review of role of obesity in adult health with reference to Africa MNI Lokuruka Abstract Although obesity is a global epidemic that affects every socio-economic class, little is available in the literature on the status of the syndrome in Africa. Eleven empirical studies were reviewed. A BMI of The major factors that contribute to obesity include over-nutrition, physical inactivity, change of dietary habits, modernization, consumption of high fat, high carbohydrate foods, urbanization and in a minority of patients a physical condition or metabolic disturbance. Relevance to clinical practice. Despite women tending to be more obese than men, they are less prone to hypertension, heart disease and type 2 diabetes than men before they reach menopause due to their fat deposition being predominantly sub-cutaneous rather than abdominal. Obesity is recognized as a public health problem in many parts of the world. In , the WHO estimated that about 1.

Relevance to clinical practice. Other measures include the use of anorectic drugs and various forms of jejunoileostomy. Despite women tending to be more obese than men, they are less prone to hypertension, heart disease and type 2 diabetes than men before they reach menopause due to their fat deposition being predominantly sub-cutaneous rather than abdominal.

complications of obesity pdf

The major factors that contribute to obesity include over-nutrition, physical inactivity, change of dietary habits, modernization, consumption of high fat, high carbohydrate foods, urbanization and in a minority of patients a physical condition or metabolic disturbance.

Body mass index BMI is currently being used by competent authorities as an index of obesity. Obesity is recognized as a public health problem in many parts of the world.

Causes of obesity

The major factors that contribute to obesity include over-nutrition, physical inactivity, change of dietary habits, modernization, consumption of high fat, high carbohydrate foods, urbanization and in a minority of patients a physical condition or metabolic disturbance. Other measures include the use of anorectic drugs and various forms of jejunoileostomy. Obesity results from an incorrect energy balance leading to an increased store of energy, mainly as fat. Obesity management developed as part of the role of general practice nurses after Obesity can be treated by restricting food intake and engaging in regular physical exercises. Data extracted and analysed following methods for an integrative literature review. Log out of ReadCube. There is potential in primary care nursing to help patients manage obesity but caution is needed.

There is potential in primary care nursing to help patients manage obesity but caution is needed. Data extracted and analysed following methods for an integrative literature review.

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