For theological questions, a citizen could consult an exegetes, a state official, who was knowledgeable in religious affairs. Other important deities were Aphrodite, the goddess of love; Dionysos, the god of wine and theater ; Ares, the god of war ; and the lame Hephaistos, the god of metalworking.
Sacrifices took place within the sanctuary, usually at an altar in front of the temple, with the assembled participants consuming the entrails and meat of the victim. The story is about a twelve-year old, named Percy Jackson.
In the total sack that followed, Priam and his remaining sons were slaughtered; the Trojan women passed into slavery in various cities of Greece. Homer's Odyssey recounts Odysseus's adventures and ultimate return home ten years after the fall of Troy.
The discovery of the Mycenaean civilization by the German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the nineteenth century, and the discovery of the Minoan civilization in Crete by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans in the twentieth century, helped to explain many existing questions about Homer's epics and provided archaeological evidence for many of the mythological details about gods and heroes.
The myths were accounts of the lives of the deities whom the Greeks worshipped. Archaeological discoveries The discovery of the Mycenaean civilization by Heinrich Schliemanna 19th-century German amateur archaeologist, and the discovery of the Minoan civilization in Crete from which the Mycenaean ultimately derived by Sir Arthur Evansa 20th-century English archaeologist, are essential to the 21st-century understanding of the development of myth and ritual in the Greek world.
He ruled Mount Olympus as well as the pantheon of gods who lived there. It was often used to explain natural phenomena, human characteristics, and life events. There were twelve principal deities in the Greek pantheon.
The Iliad, which is set in the tenth year of the war, tells of the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles, who was the finest Greek warrior, and the consequent deaths in battle of Achilles' beloved comrade Patroclus and Priam 's eldest son, Hector.
The Odyssey is one of the more familiar Greek myth written by Homer in the 12th and 13 century B.